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Afogamento - Conhecer Saúde
Home | Primeiros socorros | Afogamento

Afogamento

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image

Afogamento é a sufocação por um fluido, geralmente a água.

A consequência mais importante do afogamento é o encharcamento dos pulmões impedindo a respiração e por isso reduz o nível de oxigénio no sangue, podendo levar a paragem cardíaca.

Cuidados no local:

- Retirar a vítima do local do afogamento;

- Chamar os bombeiros;

- Realizar reanimação se necessário e tiver formação.

- Não se deve colocar a vítima de cabeça para baixo porque pode vomitar e aspirar o vómito para os pulmões.

A maioria das vítimas de afogamento apresentam hipotermia.

Nota:

Se o afogamento foi em desportos aquáticos ou mergulho, estes podem apresentar traumatismo craniano ou da coluna. Deve ser mobilizada em bloco por várias pessoas, se for necessário mobilizá-la, tendo sempre o cuidado de manter alinhado a cabeça com o pescoço e restante corpo. Deve ser realizado por profissionais para prevenir lesão da cervical.

 

Referencias: Manual de Emergências - Um Guia Para Primeiros Socorros - Chapleau - Editora: ELSEVIER / MEDICINA NACIONAIS

 

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image , concluiu Curso Superior de Enfermagem em 1996 e a Licenciatura em Enfermagem em 2001. Fez em 2003 o Curso Inicial de Formadores e renovou em 2008. Editora do Conhecer Saúde.


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